Tea has gone so far from accidentally being discovered centuries ago. It was widely used as herbal medicine, emerged as a symbol of elites, and became a significant part of the ancient Chinese rituals.
Tea’s origin can be recalled in 2732 BC when Emperor Shen Nung of Ancient China was intrigued by the scent of fallen wild tree leaves into a pot of boiling water. He then drank the brew and felt the tea relaxing his body. Since then, tea was used in Chinese medicine as an herbal concoction. In the coming years, China started introducing tea in Japan, India, and Europe, where nations came up with various ways of preparing the beverage.
Today, tea is still widely consumed not only by the high society but by people from all walks of life. It became a superfood, and people discovered ways to incorporate it into other beverages for a leveled-up taste. This overall consumption enables teamakers to create variations of up to 20,000 types of tea, all produced in different oxidation levels.
Tea is renowned as the 2nd most consumed beverage in the world next to water. There are lots of teas available in the markets. However, there are three types of “true teas” that always appear when ranking the most popular teas in the world.
Black tea is achieved by harvesting tea leaves from Camellia Sinensis and exposing them to air. Teamakers often roll, crush or tear the tea leaves to fasten the oxidation. The tea leaves are dried out afterward under the sun and fired with the help of machinery. With sun and air exposure, the tea leaves to ferment and turn dark, giving Black tea its iconic color.
It is the most produced tea globally and is famous for its intense flavor and high caffeine content compared to other teas. If brewed longer in a small water ration, Black tea may taste bitter. Tea drinkers often add natural sweeteners like honey or organic milk to blend with the strong taste.
You can get benefits that are similar to taking a cup of coffee from Black tea. Drinking Black tea promotes alertness, a healthy heart and gut, and cancer prevention. It also has a considerable number of polyphenols that help the body combat DNA damages.
Among the types of Black tea are Ceylon Black Tea, Earl Gray, Irish Breakfast, and English Breakfast Tea.
Matcha tea is a type of green tea but produced differently from other teas. Still, from the leaves of Camellia Sinensis, teamakers shade the bushes and prevent sun and air from oxidizing the young tea leaves. They will eventually handpick young tea leaves, steam them, and ground them in stone mills until they become the bright green pure matcha powder.
Because of the laborious process, Matcha has a reputation for being the most expensive type of tea. Though it still has caffeine content, the lack of fermentation saves it from being as bitter as Black tea. Matcha tea has a zesty flavor with a sugary aftertaste. It can also have a hint of bitterness if done concentrated.
Matcha tea can provide numerous health benefits like brain and liver health, aids in weight loss and cancer prevention.
Among the types of Matcha tea are Ceremonial Grade matcha made of the youngest tea leaves and Culinary Grade matcha made of older tea leaves than the ones used in Ceremonial grade matcha powder.
Unlike Matcha, Green tea is achieved by immediately steaming the fully matured leaves of Camellia Sinensis. Teamakers prevent the tea leaves from being exposed to air, preventing them from oxidizing and maintain their iconic green color. After harvesting, green tea leaves are roasted or steamed to remove the oxidative enzymes that cause the leaves to wither and ferment. The roasted green tea leaves are then dried right away.
Green tea is known for its herbaceous taste but is not bitter as black tea. It has a high mineral and polyphenol content, which best prevents signs of aging, losing weight, and regulating blood pressure.
Among the types of green tea are Japanese sencha, Japanese kukicha, Gyokuro, Genmaicha Green tea, and Jasmine Green tea.